Exploring Home and Commercial Cooling Choices: A Guide to Different Types of Air Conditioners

different types of air conditioner

Last Updated on May 17, 2023 by Kravelv

Choosing the right air conditioner is essential for keeping your home cool and comfortable. Personal preferences, climate, space requirements, and budget considerations all play a role in finding the perfect cooling solution. The comprehensive guide explores the different types of air conditioners available, providing homeowners with a detailed understanding of each option.

1. Central Air Conditioning

Central air conditioning systems are a highly efficient cooling solution for homes. These systems comprise a central unit with an outdoor condenser unit and an indoor air handler or furnace. These systems effectively cool the air and distribute it throughout the house via ducts.

Central ACs offer consistent and uniform cooling, precise temperature control, and the ability to integrate with smart thermostats or home automation systems. Air Conditioner Calgary experts have the knowledge and experience to install, maintain, and service central conditioning AC systems professionally, ensuring optimal performance, energy efficiency, and long-lasting comfort for homeowners in Calgary and surrounding areas.

2. Ductless and Mini-Split Systems

Ductless and mini-split systems are versatile and efficient cooling options for homes. These systems consist of an outdoor unit and one or more indoor units connected by refrigerant lines. Ductless mini-split systems offer installation flexibility, as they do not require ductwork. Each indoor unit is independently controllable, allowing customized temperature settings in different zones or rooms.

That enables energy savings by cooling only the occupied areas or where necessary. Ductless and mini-split systems are also ideal for retrofitting older homes, room additions, or spaces where traditional ducted systems are impractical. They provide efficient cooling and personalized comfort while maintaining the space’s aesthetic appeal.

3. Window Air Conditioners

Window air conditioners are compact and affordable cooling solutions for individual rooms or small spaces. These units’ designs fit into a window or a specially created opening in a wall. Window ACs comprise a single unit that houses all the components, including the cooling coil, compressor, and fan.

They provide direct cooling to the room they are installed in, extracting hot air and expelling it outside. Window air conditioners are relatively easy to install, cost-effective, and offer adjustable temperature settings. They are common in apartments, bedrooms, or small living spaces where targeted cooling is crucial.

4. Portable Air Conditioners

Portable air conditioners are versatile cooling solutions that offer flexibility and mobility. These standalone units have wheels for easy movement and require an exhaust hose to vent hot air through a window or a wall. Portable ACs provide cooling for individual rooms or spaces without needing permanent installation.

Portable ACs offer adjustable temperature settings and fan modes, while some models even feature dehumidification functions. Portable air conditioners are ideal for renters or homeowners who require temporary cooling solutions, allowing them to cool specific areas as needed and enjoy comfort in different rooms throughout the day.

5. Packaged Rooftop Unit (RTU)

A packaged rooftop unit (RTU) is a self-contained air conditioning system typically installed on the roof of commercial buildings or flat-roofed-story home units. These units combine all the necessary components, including the compressor, condenser, evaporator, and air handler, into a single package. Packaged RTUs provide cooling and heating capabilities, making them versatile for year-round use.

Packaged rooftop units are popular due to their space-saving design and ease of installation. Packaged rooftop units are known for their high energy efficiency, low operating noise, and the ability to provide consistent and even airflow throughout the building. RTU air conditioners offer a reliable and convenient cooling solution for commercial spaces such as warehouses, stores, and shopping malls.


Understanding the different types of air conditioners available is essential for selecting the right cooling solution for your home or commercial space. Whether it’s the centralized cooling of a central air conditioning system, the flexibility of ductless mini-split units, the targeted cooling of window air conditioners, or the mobility of portable ACs, each type offers unique benefits. However, consulting a professional HVAC service provider will ensure the best cooling solution for your needs by considering space requirements, energy efficiency, and personal preferences.

Kravelv is a full time digital marketer and part time furniture and cabinet maker. During his free time he would like to create something out of recycled woods, this varies from toys, furnitures plant boxes etc. Follow him on Twitter | Pinterest | Facebook